North Island Naval Air Base

For a Sepia Saturday post, I found this nice shot of North Island Naval Air Base, in San Diego, CA. While I do not have a date for the photo, it looks like something from the 1940s or 50s. North Island Naval Air Base was founded in 1917 and is recognized as the birthplace of American Naval aviation. But before we discuss the Naval aviation history, let’s look back at the island itself.

In 1886 the island was one of two – North Coronado and South Coronado. The two together were formed from a sand spit and were purchased for development to become a residential resort for the wealthy. South Coronado was developed but the North Island remained wild. It was used for horseback riding and hunting by guests at J. D. Spreckles’ hotel, which later was christened the Hotel Del Coronado. A fellow named Glenn Curtiss took out a lease on North Island and operated a flying school until 1914. Then, a newcomer to the aviation industry named George Martin started flying from the island and showing off his aircraft. Martin of course later became the owner of Martin Aircraft, one of the world’s best aircraft companies for many decades.

Among the many “firsts” at North Island was the first parachute jump in the San Diego area, first sea-plane flight, first mid-air refueling and the first nonstop transcontinental flight in 1923. Prophetically, Curtiss also trained the first Japanese aviators, including a young pilot named Yamada who later became Admiral of the Japanese naval aviation forces in World War II. Charles Lindbergh’s first transatlantic flight in the Spirit of St Louis originated on North Island after the aircraft was built in San Diego.

Another brief touch of fame for the base resulted from the first commander Lieutenant Commander Earl W. Spencer Jr., USN after his ex-wife Wallice Warfield became the wife of King Edward of England in 1936 and the world was shocked when he abdicated his throne to be with her.

North Island and South Island were originally separated by a waterway but during World War II this was filled in, allowing better access to the entrance of the base.

North Island was the home of the Navy’s first four aircraft carriers: USS LANGLEY, USS LEXINGTON, USS SARATOGA and USS RANGER. Lexington  fortuitously departed Pearl Harbor on December 5th, and Saratoga was in San Diego on December 7th. Along with the two other aircraft carriers the Navy had in the Pacific, they missed the terrible bombing attack on Pearl Harbor December 7th which drew the US into World War II.

The base is still in operation today and can be accessed by the amazing Coronado Bay Bridge.

Coronado Bay Bridge

For more amazing Sepia Saturday images, where the theme is ships, crowds, travel, sailing and more, click over and jump off from there!

Anchors aweigh!

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14 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. Dawn Scotting
    Oct 05, 2012 @ 21:11:14

    What a lovely bridge. At first look I thought ‘I didn’t know we had a Naval Air Base in the North Island’, I soon realised you weren’t talking about New Zealand where I live in the North Island (of 3).

    Reply

  2. Mustang.Koji
    Oct 05, 2012 @ 23:11:35

    Old Man Jack was stationed there after war’s end. I wanted to take him back but never succeeded…

    Reply

  3. Wendy
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 04:48:31

    That’s a lot of history for one place! So very interesting.

    Reply

  4. Bob Scotney
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 06:34:13

    My brother was on British aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean in the 1940s at the time of the raid on Taranto and the siege of Malta; later he was based in Ceylon. Hewas involved in maintaining theplanes flown by Fleet Air Arm pilot. Your details about the naval air base, the US carriers were very interesting. Love thecurve on that bridge.

    Reply

  5. Kathy M.
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 08:04:10

    I didn’t know any of this. Thanks so much for the great info. I sure would have liked to visit when it was a resort for the rich.

    Reply

    • Mrs Marvel
      Oct 08, 2012 @ 12:06:12

      You can still visit – the Hotel Del Coronado is amazing and actually pretty affordable these days!

      Reply

  6. Peter Miebies (@patmcast)
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 08:19:35

    Never knew Mrs. Wallis had ties with the Navy and as far as the remainder of your story is concerned, I’m with Kathy, it’s all new to me. And that’s why I enjoy these Sepia Saturday so much! Thank you.

    Reply

  7. Little Nell
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 09:36:32

    Fascinating facts about North Island – all those firsts!

    Reply

  8. postcardy
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 15:52:22

    Interesting post. didn’t know any of this either.

    Reply

  9. Mike Brubaker
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 18:58:15

    It was also the base for the Navy dirigibles during the brief era of lighter than aircraft. I was curious about the island so I found this navy archive image taken from the air giving a good bird’s eye view of the water. Your cameraman was somewhere up the left bay, I think.

    Reply

  10. Mike Brubaker
    Oct 06, 2012 @ 19:00:52

    opps. I meant the upper right bay. You can also see similar small boats used to ferry men to the ships anchored off the point.

    Reply

  11. Kathy Hart
    Oct 07, 2012 @ 08:07:48

    Fascinating post – I so enjoy reading of this time period.
    Thank you!

    Reply

  12. Karen S.
    Oct 07, 2012 @ 10:41:14

    Thanks so much, your post was extremely interesting ! That bridge is awesome and the water look so rich!

    Reply

  13. Tattered and Lost
    Oct 07, 2012 @ 21:36:45

    Was just on the base again a few years ago. Drove around with my father looking at the old seaplane ramps. The only time I was ever on one of his planes was there at North Island.

    Reply

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